Overview

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form in the ovaries. While most cysts are benign, some may be associated with ovarian cancer. Let’s explore the details:

  1. Types of Ovarian Cysts:
    • Functional Cysts:
      • Most common.
      • Form during the normal menstrual cycle.
      • Types: Follicular cysts, corpus luteum cysts.
      • Usually small, harmless, and often resolve without treatment.

    • Endometriomas:
      • Associated with endometriosis.
      • Form when endometrial tissue grows on the ovaries.
      • Can cause pain, especially during menstruation.
      • May impact fertility.

    • Dermoid Cysts:
      • Rare and benign.
      • Contain hair, skin, or other tissue.
      • Can grow large.

    • Cystadenomas:
      • Grow from ovarian tissue.
      • Filled with fluid.
      • May cause discomfort or pain.

    • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS):
      • Excessive small cysts.
      • Associated with infertility, acne, and excessive hair growth.

  2. Risk Factors:
    • History of Previous Cysts
    • Irregular Menstrual Cycles
    • Increased Upper Body Fat Distribution
    • Early Menstruation (11 years or younger)
    • Infertility
    • Hormonal Imbalances (e.g., hyperthyroidism)
    • Tamoxifen Treatment for Breast Cancer

  3. Management:
    • Most Cysts: Resolve on their own without intervention.
    • Medical Treatment: Some cysts may require medical attention.

 

Remember to consult with healthcare providers for personalized guidance based on your specific situation.