Oral contraception, commonly known as birth control pills, is widely used among women. Let’s explore the details:

  1. Effectiveness:
    • When taken correctly, birth control pills are up to 99% effective in preventing pregnancy.
    • Reliable and popular form of contraception.

  2. Hormones in Birth Control Pills:
    • Combination Pills:
      • Contain both estrogen and progestin.
      • Suppress ovulation, thicken cervical mucus, and alter uterine lining.
    • Progestin-Only Pills:
      • Contain only progestin.
      • Taken continuously without inactive pills.

  3. Taking Pills Correctly:
    • Consistency:
      • Take the pill at the same time every day.
      • Missing a pill increases pregnancy risk.
    • Interactions:
      • Some medications (like antibiotics) can reduce pill effectiveness.
      • Consult with your OBGYN about any medications you’re taking.

  4. Types of Birth Control Pills:
    • Combination Pills:
      • Available in 21 or 28-day packs.
      • 21 active pills with hormones and 7 or 4 inactive pills.
      • Period during inactive pill week.
    • Progestin-Only Pills:
      • 28-day packs with all active pills.
      • Some women may not have a period in the last week.

  5. Safety Considerations:
    • Risk Factors:
      • History of blood clots, heart-related issues, high blood pressure, severe diabetes, lupus, or being overweight and over 35.
      • Consult with your OBGYN.
    • Benefits:
      • Reduced menstrual cramps.
      • Lighter and regular periods.
      • Acne protection.
      • Bone health.
      • Gynecological cancer and disease prevention.

  6. Consult with Our Knowledgeable OBGYNs:
    • Personalized advice.
    • Discuss different pill options.
    • Detailed instructions provided with your pill pack.


Make informed decisions about your reproductive health with Castaneda OBGYN’s guidance.